Cryptocurrencies are digital/virtual currency that uses cryptography to secure transactions and control the creation of new units. Cryptocurrencies are decentralised, not subject to government or financial institution control. It makes cryptocurrencies an attractive investment opportunity but comes with certain risks. This article will explore some of the risks associated with trading cryptocurrencies.

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Cryptocurrencies are notoriously volatile, meaning their prices can fluctuate drastically in a short period. It makes them a risky investment, as you could potentially lose a lot of money if the value of the currency you’ve invested in plummets.

To avoid this risk, it’s essential to research and only invest in cryptocurrencies that you believe have a good chance of increasing in value. It helps if you also were prepared to hold onto your investment for the long term, as it may take time for the currency’s value to increase.


Another risk is the possibility of government regulation. Currently, there is no regulation around cryptocurrencies, which means they are relatively free from government interference. However, this could change in the future, as governments may decide to regulate or even ban cryptocurrencies.

If this happens, it could negatively impact the value of cryptocurrencies, as investors may lose confidence in them, which could cause the prices of cryptocurrencies to crash.

Market manipulation

Another risk associated with trading cryptocurrencies is the potential for market manipulation. Because the market is still relatively new and unregulated, there are a lot of opportunities for bad actors to manipulate prices. For example, someone with a lot of money could artificially inflate the price of a currency by buying large amounts.

To protect yourself from this risk, you should stay updated on news and developments in the cryptocurrency world. It helps if you are careful about who you take advice from, as some people may try to manipulate the market for their gain.

Limited adoption

Another risk is the limited adoption of cryptocurrencies. Only a tiny percentage of people worldwide are using or investing in cryptocurrencies. It means that there is potential for massive growth and the possibility that cryptocurrencies will never achieve widespread adoption.

If cryptocurrencies do not achieve widespread adoption, their prices could crash, and you could lose your investment.


Another risk is the competition from other cryptocurrencies. Currently, over 1,500 different cryptocurrencies exist, and new ones are being created all the time. It means that it’s becoming increasingly difficult for any one cryptocurrency to stand out from the rest.

This increased competition could lead to lower prices and less adoption of some cryptocurrencies. So, if you’re considering investing in a particular currency, research to see if it has a good chance of success.


Another risk associated with cryptocurrencies is the possibility of forks. A fork is when a cryptocurrency splits into two different currencies. It can happen for various reasons, such as disagreements among developers or changes in the underlying code.

Forks can be risky because they can lead to losses for investors. For example, if you own Bitcoin with a fork, you will now own both Bitcoin and the new currency that was created. However, each currency’s value may differ, and one could end up being worth more than the other.

To protect yourself from this risk, you should avoid investing in any currency that is likely to fork. You should also keep your coins in a secure wallet so that you don’t lose them if a fork does occur.


Another risk to be aware of is the possibility of scams. Because cryptocurrencies are still relatively new and not well-understood by the general public, there are a lot of opportunities for scammers to take advantage of people. There have been cases of people losing their life savings by investing in fake cryptocurrencies or being tricked into sending money to scammers.

To protect yourself from this risk, you should only invest in reputable cryptocurrencies and avoid anything that seems too good to be true. It helps if you are careful about who you take advice from, as some people may try to scam you.


One final risk to be aware of is the volatility of cryptocurrencies. Their costs can fluctuate significantly in a short period, leading to losses for investors. For example, the price of Bitcoin fell by over 50% in a single day in January 2018.

To protect yourself from this risk, you should only invest an amount you can afford to lose and be prepared for the possibility of prices crashing. It helps if you also diversify your investments by investing in different cryptocurrencies. This way, if the price of one currency falls, you will still have other investments to fall back on.